Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Affective Profiles Model

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2303-1



The affective profiles model (Norlander et al. 2002) is a person-oriented model of the affectivity system (Garcia 2011). Since the affectivity system is a complex dynamic system, it needs to be seen as a whole-system unit that is best studied by analyzing four profiles: self-fulfilling (high positive affect, low negative affect), low affective (low positive affect, low negative affect), high affective (high positive affect, high negative affect), and self-destructive (low positive affect, high negative affect). During the past 15 years, an increasing number of studies have used this person-oriented model as the backdrop for the investigation of between and within individual differences in different biological, psychological, and social constructs (Cloninger and Garcia 2015).


The affectivity system is composed of positive affect and negative affect, which are...

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Dedicated to Professor Trevor Archer at the Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Blekinge Center of Competence, Blekinge County CouncilKarlskronaSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Network for Empowerment and Well-BeingGothenburgSweden
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  5. 5.Anthropedia FoundationSt. LouisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA