Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Dark Cube

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2302-1

Synonyms

Definition

The Dark Character Cube (Garcia and Rosenberg 2016) is a model of malevolent character theoretically based on Cloninger’s biopsychosocial model of personality (Cloninger 2004) and in the assumption of a ternary structure of malevolent character (Paulhus and Williams 2002). In short, personality is a complex adaptive biopsychosocial system and malevolent character is suggested as a Dark Triad, thus, the Dark Character Cube is composed of eight possible malevolent character profiles based on people’s high/low levels in Machiavellianism (M for high, m for low), narcissism (N for high, n for low), and psychopathy (P for high, p for low): MNP “maleficent,” MNp “manipulative narcissistic,” MnP “antisocial,” Mnp “Machiavellian,” mNP “psychopathic narcissistic,” mNp “narcissistic,” mnP “psychopathic,” and mnp “benevolent” 1 (see Fig. 1).
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Apostel, L. (1960). Towards the formal study of models in the non-formal sciences. Synthese, 12, 125–161.  https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00485092.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergman, L. R., & Magnusson, D. (1997). A person-oriented approach in research on developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 291–319.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S095457949700206X.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bergman, L. R., & Wångby, M. (2014). The person-oriented approach: A short theoretical and practical guide. Eesti Haridusteaduste Ajakiri, 2, 29–49. https://doi.org/10.12697/eha.2014.21.02b.
  4. Cloninger, C. R. (2004). Feeling good: The science of well-being. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Cloninger, C. R., Svrakic, N. M., & Svrakic, D. M. (1997). Role of personality self-organization in development of mental order and disorder. Development and Psychopathology, 9, 881–906.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S095457949700148X.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Garcia, D., & González Moraga, F. R. (2017). The Dark Cube: Dark character profiles and OCEAN. PeerJ, 5, e3845.  https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3845.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Garcia, D., & Rosenberg, P. (2016). The Dark Cube: Dark and light character profiles. PeerJ, 4, e1675.  https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1675.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Garcia, D., Adrianson, L., Archer, T., & Rosenberg, P. (2015a). The dark side of the affective profiles: Differences and similarities in psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism. Sage Open, 5, 1–14.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244015615167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Garcia, D., MacDonald, S., & Archer, T. (2015b). Two different approaches to the affective profiles model: Median splits (variable-oriented) and cluster analysis (person- oriented). PeerJ, 3, e1380.  https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1380.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Garcia, D., Nima, A. A., Lindskär, E., Jimmefors, A., Archer, T., MacDonald, S. (2016). Questions of Self-regulation and Affect: Affectivity, Locomotion, Assessment, and Psychological Well-Being. Asian Journal of Health Psychology, 1, 35–48.Google Scholar
  11. Garcia, D., Schütz, E., MacDonald, S., & Archer, T. (2016). Differences in Happiness-Increasing Strategies Between and Within Affective Profiles. Clinical and Experimental Psychology, 2, 3.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2471-2701.1000139.Google Scholar
  12. Garcia, D., & MacDonald, S. (2017). Dark Personality Profiles: Estimating the Cluster Structure of the Dark Triad. PsyCh Journal, 6, 239–240.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pchj.175.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Garcia, D., MacDonald, S., & Rapp-Ricciardi, M. (2017). Factor Analysis of the Swedish Version of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen. PsyCh Journal, 2, 166–167.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pchj.168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Iacobucci, D., Posavac, S. S., Kardes, F. R., Schneider, M. J., & Popovich, D. L. (2015a). Toward a more nuanced understanding of the statistical properties of a median split. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 25, 652–665.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcps.2014.12.002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Iacobucci, D., Posavac, S. S., Kardes, F. R., Schneider, M. J., & Popovich, D. L. (2015b). The median split: Robust, refined, and revived. Journal of Consumer Psychology, 25, 690–704.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcps.2015.06.014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jones, D. N., & Paulhus, D. L. (2014). Introducing the Short Dark Triad (SD3): A brief measure of dark personality traits. Assessment, 21, 28–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kajonius, P. J., Persson, B. N., Rosenberg, P., & Garcia, D. (2016). The (mis)measurement of the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen: Exploitation at the core of the scale. PeerJ, 4, e1748.  https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.1748.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Láng, A. (2017). Peer Review #2 of “The Dark Cube: Dark character profiles and OCEAN (v0.1).” PeerJ.  https://doi.org/10.7287/peerj.3845v0.1/reviews/2.
  19. Paulhus, D. L., & Williams, K. M. (2002). The Dark Triad of personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Journal of Research in Personality, 36, 556–563.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0092-6566(02)00505-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Paulhus, D. L., (2014). Toward a taxonomy of dark personalities. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 421–426.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0963721414547737.
  21. Persson, B. N., Kajonius, P. J., & Garcia, D. (2017a). Revisiting the structure of the Short Dark Triad. Assessment.  https://doi.org/10.1177/107391117701192.
  22. Persson, B., Kajonius, P., & Garcia, D. (2017b). Testing construct independence in the Short Dark Triad using item response theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 117, 74–80.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.05.025.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Blekinge Center of CompetenceBlekinge County CouncilKarlskronaSweden
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GothenburgGothenburgSweden
  3. 3.Network for Empowerment and Well-BeingLyckebySweden
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  5. 5.Anthropedia FoundationSt. LouisUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Virgil Zeigler-Hill
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA