Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Personality and Subjective Well-Being

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2116-1


For psychologists, the most intriguing aspect of well-being is how people subjectively experience quality of their own lives. People react and evaluate external conditions basing on their expectations, values, beliefs, and previous experiences, and thus the subjective element is essential for life’s quality. Subjective well-being (SWB) is a complex construct defined as “a person’s cognitive and affective evaluations of his or her life” (Diener et al. 2002, p. 63). Therefore, SWB (labeled also as happiness) is described as a combination of global judgment of life satisfaction and the relative frequency of experiencing positive versus negative affect (Diener et al. 1991). A happy person has a high level of satisfaction with life and experiences a greater positive affect and little negative affect.

Subjective Well-Being: Conceptualization and Measurement

SWB is usually assessed with self-report questionnaires. A number of tools have been developed to measure separable...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anna Czarna
    • 1
  1. 1.Jagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland