Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Personality and Stress

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_2115-1


Although everyone experiences stress, there are aspects of personality that may make some people more vulnerable to stress than others. Personality is characterized by five stable traits. These traits include neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, conscientiousness, and agreeableness. Of these, neuroticism is most consistently related to negative stress outcomes. This includes evaluating potentially stressful encounters as threats, which in turn promotes negative psychological, physiological, and behavioral responses. Other personality traits, such as openness, promote challenge appraisals and more positive stress responses. Although it is the case that some types of personality influence stress responses, it is important to keep in mind that the situations people find themselves in can also affect stress responses over and above that of personality.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Wright State UniversityDaytonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anna Czarna
    • 1
  1. 1.Jagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland