Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Roberts, John E.

  • John E. RobertsEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1976-1

Early Life and Educational Background

John E. Roberts was born on March 21, 1964, just outside of Boston, Massachusetts, USA, and grew up in a small town in the countryside. His undergraduate studies at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst began with a major in biochemistry, but psychology had always been a passion and he eventually made the move into the social sciences as a junior. Having never faced his fear of the 300-level course in physical chemistry, he instead threw himself into psychological research working in Charles Clifton’s psycholinguistics lab and pursuing an honors thesis mentored by Ronnie Janoff-Bulman. Apparently, this escape into psychology provided powerful negative reinforcement! Subsequent to receiving his Bachelor of Science in 1986, he began the Ph.D. program in clinical psychology at the University of Pittsburgh under the mentorship of Scott Monroe. After his clinical internship at the University of Chicago Medical Center and completing his Ph.D. in 1994,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Ciesla, J. A., & Roberts, J. E. (2001). A meta-analysis of risk for Major Depressive Disorder among HIV-positive individuals. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 725–730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ciesla, J. A., & Roberts, J. E. (2007). Rumination, negative cognition, and their interactive effects on depressed mood: Two laboratory studies. Emotion, 7, 555–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Franklin, K. M., Janoff-Bulman, R., & Roberts, J. E. (1990). The long-term impact of parental divorce on optimism and trust: Changes in general assumptions or narrow beliefs? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, 743–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Johnson, S. L., & Roberts, J. E. (1995). Life events and bipolar disorder: Implications from biological theories. Psychological Bulletin, 117, 434–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kyung, Y., Yanes-Lukin, P. K., & Roberts, J. E. (2016). Specificity and detail in autobiographical memory: Same or different constructs? Memory, 24, 272–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Moritz, D., & Roberts, J. E. (2018). Self-other agreement and metaperception accuracy across the big five: Examining the roles of depression and self-esteem. Journal of Personality, 86, 296–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Muller, J., & Roberts, J. E. (2005). Memory and attention in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 19, 1–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Prisciandaro, J. J., & Roberts, J. E. (2011). Evidence for the continuous latent structure of mania in the Epidemiologic Catchment Area from multiple latent structure and construct validation methodologies. Psychological Medicine, 41, 575–588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Roberts, J. E., & Gotlib, I. H. (1997). Temporal variability in global self-esteem and specific self-evaluation as prospective predictors of emotional distress: Specificity in predictors and outcome. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 521–529.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Roberts, J. E., & Monroe, S. M. (1992). Vulnerable self-esteem and depressive symptoms: Prospective findings comparing three alternative conceptualizations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 804–812.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Roberts, J. E., Gotlib, I. H., & Kassel, J. D. (1996). Adult attachment security and symptoms of depression: The mediating roles of dysfunctional attitudes and low self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 310–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Roberts, J. E., Gilboa, E., & Gotlib, I. H. (1998). Ruminative response style and vulnerability to episodes of dysphoria: Gender, neuroticism, and episode duration. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 22, 401–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Roberts, J. E., Carlos, E. L., & Kashdan, T. B. (2006). The impact of depressive symptoms, self-esteem and neuroticism on trajectories of overgeneral autobiographical memory over repeated trials. Cognition & Emotion, 3(4), 383–401.Google Scholar
  14. Roberts, J. E., Porter, A. J., & Vergara-Lopez, C. (2016). Implicit and explicit self-esteem in previously and never depressed individuals: Baseline differences and reactivity to rumination. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 40(2), 164–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sova, C. C., & Roberts, J. E. (2018). Testing the cognitive catalyst model of rumination with explicit and implicit cognitive content. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 59, 115–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vergara-Lopez, C., Lopez-Vergara, H., & Roberts, J. E. (2016). Testing a “content meets process” model of depression vulnerability and rumination: Exploring the moderating role of set-shifting deficits. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 50, 202–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity at Buffalo, State University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Chris Ditzfeld
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ArkansasFayettevilleUSA