Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Spontaneity

  • Rozel S. Balmores-Paulino
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1917-1

Synonyms

Definition

Spontaneity is defined as “an appropriate response to a situation or a new response to an old situation” (Moreno 1953 cited in Kipper and Hundal 2005, p. 120). Spontaneity is also viewed as a theory that is claimed as the bedrock of psychodrama – “a method of clinical intervention and group therapy” (Moreno 1941, 1953, 1964 cited in Kipper 2000, p. 33). On the other hand, spontaneity is also seen as a way of life or philosophy (Kipper and Hundal 2005). This two-pronged perspective on spontaneity is detailed as follows: “as a philosophy, the idea of a spontaneous person reflected a way of living and a general outlook on life that valued taking advantage of living ‘in the moment’” (Kipper and Hundal 2005, p. 119). As a therapeutic agent, spontaneity was said to be a specific curative factor believed to increase openness, reduce inhibitions, and enhance one’s psychological well-being...

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References

  1. Collins, L. A., Kumar, V. K., Treadwell, T. W., & Leach, E. (1997). The personal attitude scale: A scale to measure spontaneity. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 49(4), 147–156.Google Scholar
  2. Kellar, H., Treadwell, T., Kumar, V. K., & Leach, E. (2002). The personal attitude scale-II: A revised measure of spontaneity. The International Journal of Action Methods: Psychodrama, Skill Training, and Role Playing, 55, 35–46.Google Scholar
  3. Kipper, D. (2000). Spontaneity: Does the experience match the theory? The International Journal of Action Methods, 53, 33–47.Google Scholar
  4. Kipper, D., & Hundal, J. (2005). The spontaneity assessment inventory: The relationship between spontaneity and nonspontaneity. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 58, 119–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kipper, D., Green, D., & Prorak, A. (2010). The relationship among spontaneity, impulsivity, and creativity. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 5, 39–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Meyer, A. (1941). Spontaneity. Sociometry, 4, 150–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Moreno, J. L. (1955). Theory of spontaneity-creativity. Sociometry, 18, 105–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Social Anthropology and Psychology, College of Social SciencesUniversity of the PhilippinesBaguioPhilippines

Section editors and affiliations

  • John F. Rauthmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyWake Forest UniversityWinston-SalemUSA