Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Social Monitoring System

  • Alexandra Beauchamp
  • Kimberly RiosEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1840-1



The social monitoring system regulates social inclusion by increasing an individual’s awareness of social cues and identifying the interpersonal intentions of others. The system activates when an individual’s need to belong is unfulfilled.

The Social Monitoring System

Humans demonstrate a strong desire for social connectedness and a need to belong to social groups. Belongingness plays a central role in promoting positive well-being, such that when individuals feel socially rejected, they can experience both physical and psychological pain. Individuals thus have a vested interest in maintaining a sense of belongingness and avoiding social rejection, and this vested interest is reflected in need to belong (Gardner et al. 2005).

To avoid rejection and exclusion, individuals are motivated to monitor and regulate their levels of social inclusion. By encoding cues related to social acceptance and social threat, the...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ohio UniversityAthensUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Catherine Cottrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Social SciencesNew College of FloridaSarasotaUSA