Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Eysenck, Hans

  • Jaclyn BowesEmail author
  • Nathan C. Weed
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1693-1

Hans Eysenck (1916–1997) was a prominent psychologist in the twentieth century who studied a wide variety of phenomena. He is perhaps best known for his dimensional model of personality, his research on intelligence and genetics, and his critique of the efficacy of psychotherapy.

Educational Background

Eysenck earned a Ph.D. in Psychology from the University College in London in 1940 after moving to England from Germany because of his Jewish ancestry and opposition to the Nazi party. While earning his degree, he worked under Professor Sir Cyril Burt, an early psychometrician and behavior geneticist. Eysenck’s graduate research focused on experimental aesthetics, culminating in a Ph.D. thesis entitled, “An experimental and statistical investigation of some factors influencing aesthetic judgments.”

Professional Career

After obtaining his degree, Eysenck found employment difficult as a German without British citizenship, a wartime status with the official designation of “enemy alien.” He...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Michigan UniversityMount PleasantUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • April Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and CounselingNortheastern State UniversityBroken ArrowUSA