Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford


  • Jie Liu
  • Ingo Zettler
  • Benjamin E. Hilbig
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1228-1



Honesty-humility is a basic personality trait representing “the tendency to be fair and genuine in dealing with others, in the sense of cooperation with others even when one might exploit others without suffering retaliation” (Ashton and Lee 2007, p. 156).


According to the HEXACO Model of Personality (Ashton and Lee 2007; Ashton et al. 2014), Honesty-Humility (HH) is one of the six basic personality traits. HH represents “the tendency to be fair and genuine in dealing with others, in the sense of cooperation with others even when one might exploit others without suffering retaliation” (Ashton and Lee 2007, p. 156), encompassing attributes such as being fair-minded, honest, modest, sincere, etc. versus boastful, deceitful, greedy, hypocritical, etc. (Lee and Ashton 2008). In line with these descriptions, HH has especially been linked to a broad array of variables in the realm of anti- and...


Personality Disorder Ultimatum Game Social Dominance Orientation Dictator Game Counterproductive Work Behavior 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Campus LandauUniversity of Koblenz-LandauLandauGermany
  3. 3.Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective GoodsBonnGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ashton Southard
    • 1
  1. 1.Oakland UniversityRochesterUSA