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Self-Esteem and Belongingness


Self-esteem and acceptance; Self-esteem and liking; Self-evaluations and acceptance


The association of self-esteem, or one’s sense of self-worth, with perceived and actual acceptance.


A sense of belonging or feeling accepted, liked, and included by others is a fundamental human need (Baumeister and Leary 1995). As will be discussed in greater detail below, self-esteem, or one’s sense of self-worth, is empirically linked with perceived and actual belonging. This association holds true both when researchers investigate belonging with state self-esteem (i.e., one’s transient and reactive feelings about the self) and with trait self-esteem (i.e., one’s relatively stable and chronic feelings about one’s self and one’s sense of self-worth). Research on the association between self-esteem and belonging can be divided into three different perspectives. First, many researchers have focused on how self-esteem changes in response to experiencing actual belonging....


  • Trait Self-esteem
  • Sociometer Theory
  • Actual Acceptance
  • Brockner
  • Filter Influent

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Correspondence to Jessica Cameron .

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Cameron, J., Granger, S. (2016). Self-Esteem and Belongingness. In: Zeigler-Hill, V., Shackelford, T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences. Springer, Cham.

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