Self-determination theory (SDT) is a broad theory of human personality and motivation concerned with how the individual interacts with and depends on the social environment. SDT defines intrinsic and several types of extrinsic motivation and outlines how these motivations influence situational responses in different domains, as well as social and cognitive development and personality. SDT is centered on the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness and their necessary role in self-determined motivation, well-being, and growth. Finally, SDT describes the critical impact of the social and cultural context in either facilitating or thwarting people’s basic psychological needs, perceived sense of self-direction, performance, and well-being.
Self-determination theory (SDT; Ryan and Deci 2000) is a metatheory of human motivation and personality development. It is thought of as a metatheory in the sense that it is made up of several...
KeywordsIntrinsic Motivation Extrinsic Motivation Autonomous Motivation Extrinsic Goal Autonomous Form
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