Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Self-Determination Theory

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1162-1

Definition

Self-determination theory (SDT) is a broad theory of human personality and motivation concerned with how the individual interacts with and depends on the social environment. SDT defines intrinsic and several types of extrinsic motivation and outlines how these motivations influence situational responses in different domains, as well as social and cognitive development and personality. SDT is centered on the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness and their necessary role in self-determined motivation, well-being, and growth. Finally, SDT describes the critical impact of the social and cultural context in either facilitating or thwarting people’s basic psychological needs, perceived sense of self-direction, performance, and well-being.

Introduction

Self-determination theory (SDT; Ryan and Deci 2000) is a metatheory of human motivation and personality development. It is thought of as a metatheory in the sense that it is made up of several...

Keywords

Intrinsic Motivation Extrinsic Motivation Autonomous Motivation Extrinsic Goal Autonomous Form 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Clarkson UniversityPotsdamUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christian Jordan
    • 1
  1. 1.Wilfrid Laurier UniversityWaterlooCanada