Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences

Living Edition
| Editors: Virgil Zeigler-Hill, Todd K. Shackelford

Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI)

  • Stephen D. Benning
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28099-8_1098-1

Synonyms

Definition

The PPI is an inventory that cleaves psychopathy into orthogonal processes without explicit reference to antisocial behavior.

Introduction

The Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI) was designed to comprehensively assess the personality features associated with psychopathy without requiring respondents to endorse specific antisocial behaviors (Lilienfeld and Andrews 1996). This approach contrasts with previous attempts to assess psychopathy through self-report, which did not correlate strongly with each other and measured various forms of antisocial behavior to the neglect of the disorder’s core personality traits.

Factor Structure and Refinement

The PPI contains 187 items that largely aggregate into eight factor-analytically derived scales, seven of which often fall under two higher-order factors (Benning et al. 2003). The fearless dominance factor comprises three scales that together index a lack of fear and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Benning, S. D., Patrick, C. J., Hicks, B. M., Blonigen, D. M., & Krueger, R. F. (2003). Factor structure of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory: Validity and implications for clinical assessment. Psychological Assessment, 15(3), 340–350. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.15.3.340.Google Scholar
  2. Benning, S. D., Patrick, C. J., Salekin, R. T., & Leistico, A.-M. R. (2005). Convergent and discriminant validity of psychopathy factors assessed via self-report: A comparison of three instruments. Assessment, 12(3), 270–289. doi:10.1177/1073191105277110.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Hall, J. R., Drislane, L. E., Patrick, C. J., Morano, M., Lilienfeld, S. O., & Poythress, N. G. (2014). Development and validation of Triarchic construct scales from the Psychopathic Personality Inventory. Psychological Assessment, 26(2), 447–461. doi:10.1037/a0035665.Google Scholar
  4. Lilienfeld, S. O., & Andrews, B. P. (1996). Development and preliminary validation of a self-report measure of psychopathic personality traits in noncriminal populations. Journal of Personality Assessment, 66(3), 488–524.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Lilienfeld, S. O., & Widows, M. R. (2005). Psychopathic personality inventory–revised: Professional manual. Odessa: PAR.Google Scholar
  6. Lilienfeld, S. O., Patrick, C. J., Benning, S. D., Berg, J., Sellbom, M., & Edens, J. F. (2012). The role of fearless dominance in psychopathy: Confusions, controversies, and clarifications. Personality Disorders, 3(3), 327–340. doi:10.1037/a0026987.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Miller, J. D., & Lynam, D. R. (2012). An examination of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory’s nomological network: A meta-analytic review. Personality Disorders, 3(3), 305–326. doi:10.1037/a0024567.Google Scholar
  8. Murphy, B., Lilienfeld, S., Skeem, J., & Edens, J. (2016). Are fearless dominance traits superfluous in operationalizing psychopathy? Incremental validity and sex differences. Psychological Assessment. doi:10.1037/pas0000288.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Poythress, N. G., Lilienfeld, S. O., Skeem, J. L., Douglas, K. S., Edens, J. F., Epstein, M., & Patrick, C. J. (2010). Using the PCL-R to help estimate the validity of two self-report measures of psychopathy with offenders. Assessment, 17(2), 206–219. doi:10.1177/1073191109351715.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Ross, S. R., Benning, S. D., Patrick, C. J., Thompson, A., & Thurston, A. (2009). Factors of the Psychopathic Personality Inventory: Criterion-related validity and relationship to the BIS/BAS and five-factor models of personality. Assessment, 16(1), 71–87. doi:10.1177/1073191108322207.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nevada, Las VegasLas VegasUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Beth A. Visser
    • 1
  1. 1.Lakehead UniversityOrilliaCanada