Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Suriname

  • Ramon LuzarragaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_362

Definition

Suriname is a country in South America with a culture that has more affinity with its Caribbean neighbors than much of South America. Due to the policies of its former Dutch colonial masters, it has one of the most diverse religious landscapes in the Caribbean and South America. The five major world religions are represented there. Many of these religions have blended with indigenous religions native to the Guianas and those brought by peoples who migrated there. Africans developed their own unique religious traditions to resist slavery. In 2009, percentages of religious affiliation within the population were approximately 23.5% Protestant (including 9.7% Pentecostal), 22.8% Hindu, 20.6% Catholic, 16.9% Muslim, 1.4% Mormon and Witness, 9.3% other religions, and 5.5% no religion (Mandryk 2010: 790).

Introduction

Suriname is a sovereign state located in the northeast of the South American continent. Founded as the colony of Dutch Guiana, Suriname became a constituent country...

Keywords

Catholic Dutch reformed Jews Moravian Hindu India Islam Lutheran Maroon Suriname Taíno Winti 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Ben-Ur A (2007) Peripheral inclusion: communal belonging in Suriname’s Sephardic community. In: Cuffel A, Brit B (eds) Religion, gender, and culture in the pre-modern world. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, pp 185–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bisnauth D (2006) History of religions in the Caribbean, 2nd edn. LMH, KingstonGoogle Scholar
  3. Caricom Secretariat (2009) National census report: Suriname. Caribbean Community Secretariat, GeorgetownGoogle Scholar
  4. Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/resources/the-world-factbook/geos/ns.html. Accessed 9 July 2018
  5. Chickrie R (2011) Muslims in Suriname: facing triumphs and challenges in a plural society. J Muslim Minority Affairs 31:79–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dielingen L (1988–1989) Christianity and traditional African religion in Surinam and Dutch-speaking areas in the Caribbean. J Interdenominational Theol Center 16:217–237Google Scholar
  7. Dubelaar CN (1986) South American and Caribbean petroglyphs. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  8. Hyles J (2014) Guiana and the Shadows of Empire. Lanham, LexingtonGoogle Scholar
  9. Jabini F (2012) Christianity in Suriname: an overview of its history, theologians, and sources. Langham, CarlisleGoogle Scholar
  10. Jap-A-Joe H (2005) Afro-Surinamese renaissance and the rise of Pentecostalism. Exchange 34:134–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kranenborg R (1993) Winti: a new witchcraft religion in the Netherlands. Relig Today 9:10–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mandryk J (2010) Operation world, 7th edn. Biblical Publishing, Colorado SpringsGoogle Scholar
  13. Price S (1995) From slavery to a new life. Faces 11:4–8Google Scholar
  14. Steenbrink K, Vernooij J (2001) Poetry by Shrinivasi in context: the encounter of popular and official Hinduism and Christianity in Surinam. Exchange 30:157–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Vernooij J (2002) Mapping religious Suriname. Exchange 31:230–238CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vernooij J (2003) Winti in Suriname. Mission Stud 22:140–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Wielzen D (2005) Popular religiosity as an internal dynamic for the local church: the case of Suriname. Exchange 34:1–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Benedictine UniversityMesaUSA