Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Cristero Rebellion

  • Daisy OcampoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_204

Definition

The Cristero Rebellion was a widespread popular rebellion emerging in the wake of postrevolutionary Mexico during the years of 1926–1929. As conflict between the Catholic Church and the national government of Mexico came to crisis, the grassroots rebellion was a response of lay Catholics to the suspension of the celebration of Catholic Mass by the Mexican church in reaction to the repressive anticlerical measures imposed by President Plutarco Elias Calles.

In 1926, the Calles Laws implemented several articles of the 1917 Constitution (including articles 3, 24, 27, and 130). Fueled by fervent anti-Catholic rhetoric, the Calles Laws suppressed the civil liberties of Catholic clerics, dismantled a large percentage of church property for implementation of agrarian reforms, and sought to nationalize education by secularizing public schools. Catholic education and iconography were banned and religious defiance was subject to governmental scrutiny and punishment. Armed resistance...

Keywords

Cristeros Agraristas Calles Laws Clerical presence Canonization Vatican 
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References

  1. Butler M (2004) Popular piety and political identity in Mexico’s Cristero Rebellion: Michoacán, 1927–1929. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Liffman P (2011) Huichol Territory and the Mexican Nation. University of Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
  3. Meyer J (2013) La Cristiada: the Mexican people’s war for religious liberty. Square One, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Purnell J (1999) Popular movements and state formation in revolutionary Mexico: the agraristas and cristeros of Michoacán. Duke University, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  5. Vaca A (1998) Los Silencios de la Historia: Las Cristeras. Colegio de Jalisco, GuadalajaraGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of California RiversideRiversideUSA