Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Suenens, Léon-Joseph Cardinal (CCR)

  • Andrea AlthoffEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_193

Definition

León-Joseph Suenens (1904–1996) was a Belgian Roman Catholic cardinal, theologian, and author.

Key Information

Suenens studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (1922–1929). On September 4, 1927, he was ordained in Mechelen, Belgium, by Jozef-Ernest Cardinal van Roey, Archbishop of Mechelen. From 1930 to 1939, he taught philosophy, ethics, history, and pedagogy at the seminary in Mechelen. During the Nazi occupation (1940–1945), he was vice rector of the University of Louvain (Leuven) and, from 1945 to 1961, auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Brussels-Mechelen. In November 1961, he was appointed Archbishop of Brussels-Mechelen. Until he retired in 1979, at age 75, he served as a bishop. He was elevated to cardinal in 1962 by Pope John XXIII (Bundy 2002: 1108–1109; Cheney 2015; Fleckstein 1979: 5–24).

Suenens was a member of the commission that prepared the agenda for Vatican II. He became the initiator and leader of the reform movement that dominated the...

Keywords

Roman Catholic Church Vatican II *Catholic Charismatic Renewal (CCR) Modernity and Catholicism 
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References

  1. Brenkus J (2002) Catholic scholarship in a Pentecostal perspective. Gregorianum 83(2):335–361Google Scholar
  2. Bundy DD (2002) Suenens, Léon-Joseph. In: Burgess SM (ed) The new international dictionary of Pentecostal and charismatic movements. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, pp 1108–1109Google Scholar
  3. Cleary EL (2011) The rise of charismatic Catholicism in Latin America. University Press of Florida, GainesvilleCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Fleckstein KH (1979) Für die Kirche von Morgen. Im Gespräch mit Kardinal Suenens. Verlag Neue Stadt, MünchenGoogle Scholar
  5. Hocken PD (2002) Martin, Ralph. In: Burgess SM (ed) The new international dictionary of Pentecostal and charismatic movements. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, pp 861–862Google Scholar
  6. Thigpen TP (2002) Catholic charismatic renewal. In: Burgess SM (ed) The new international dictionary of Pentecostal and charismatic movements. Zondervan, Grand Rapids, pp 460–467Google Scholar

Internet Sources

  1. Cheney DM (2015) Leo Josef Cardinal Suenens. http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bsuenens.html
  2. Levada WJ (1996) Pentecostal Catholics – a history of the Catholic charismatic renewal. http://www.sfspirit.com/renewal-history.html

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gesellschaft der Europäischen Akademien e.V.BerlinGermany