Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Shintoism

  • Rafael ShojiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_173

Introduction

Shintō is Japan’s traditional religion based on the cultivation of local rituals and deities, especially native deities related to the Japanese imperial family and local nature. As such, Shintō is genuinely connected to Japan’s social organization and natural environment, often promoting rituals that link present-day Japan to its ancient past.

The history of the Shintō communities in Latin America is strongly associated with the Japanese immigration in Brazil. Disregarding some already extinct Shindō Renmei cells in Peru, Latin American Shintō groups were only established in Brazil.

Following common distinction within Shintō studies, Shintō in Brazil can be divided into two categories, that is: (1) State Shintō (Kokka Shintō) and (2) Folk Shintō (Minzoku-Shintō). In some cases, the latter assumed the institutionalized form of Shrine Shintō (Jinja Shintō).

The two categories are not necessarily exclusive. While State Shintō is based on a nationalist and centralized...

Keywords

Shintoism Shintō Brazil Japanese religion 
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência da ReligiãoPontifical University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil