Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Hinduism in Trinidad and Tobago

  • Alexander RocklinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_154

Definition

Hinduism in Trinidad and Tobago is a practically and discursively confected “world religion” produced beginning in the early twentieth century from a heterogeneous set of local Hindu practices and international models for Hindu social formation. This was accomplished through the work of a Hindu-identified Indian Trinidadian middle class, Indian missionaries, and the disciplining effects of colonial institutions. Trinidadians have continued to reproduce and contest the limits and contours of Hinduism into the postcolonial present.

Introduction

From 1838 to 1917, Indians spread around the world as indentured laborers, with approximately 144,000 of them coming to the British colony of Trinidad in the West Indies (Tobago did not receive Indian laborers). There is a great deal of heterogeneity among peoples across South Asia, who divide themselves by caste, sectarian, tribal, ethnic, linguistic, regional, and village identities. These modes of identification were in flux during...

Keywords

Hindu Sects Firewalking Ramlila Caste Arya Samaj Sanatan Dharma Kali Puja Sai Baba Colonialism 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Clarke C, Clarke G (2010) Post-colonial Trinidad: an ethnographic journal. Palgrave Macmillan, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Collens JH (1888) Guide to Trinidad. A hand-book for the use of tourists and visitors. Elliot Stock, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Comins DWD (1893) Note on emigration from India to Trinidad. Bengal Secretariat Press, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  4. Cothonay MB (1893) Trinidad: Journal d’un missionnaire dominicain des Antilles Anglaises. Victor Retaux et Fils, ParisGoogle Scholar
  5. Forbes RH (1984) Arya Samaj in Trinidad: an historical study of Hindu organizational process in acculturative conditions. Dissertation, University of MiamiGoogle Scholar
  6. Khan A (2004) Callaloo nation: metaphors of race and religious identity among South Asians in Trinidad. Duke University Press, DurhamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Klass M (1988) East Indians in Trinidad: a study of cultural persistence. Waveland Press, Prospect HeightsGoogle Scholar
  8. Klass M (1991) Singing with Sai Baba: the politics of revitalization in Trinidad. Westview Press, BoulderGoogle Scholar
  9. Korom F (2003) Hosay Trinidad: Muḥarram performances in an Indo-Caribbean Diaspora. University of Pennsylvania Press, PhiladelphiaCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. McNeal KE (2011) Trance and modernity in the Southern Caribbean: African and Hindu popular religions in Trinidad and Tobago. University Press of Florida, GainesvilleGoogle Scholar
  11. McNeal KE (2015) Death and the problem of orthopraxy in Caribbean Hinduism: reconsidering the politics and poetics of Indo-Trinidadian mortuary ritual. In: Forde M, Hume Y (eds) Passages and afterworlds: death and mortuary ritual in the Caribbean. Duke University Press, DurhamGoogle Scholar
  12. Pennington BK (2005) Was Hinduism invented? Britons, Indians, and the colonial construction of religion. Oxford University Press, OxfordCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Procope J (1980) A historical survey of Bossiere Village no 1, Maraval with particular reference to the year 1917. Caribbean Studies ThesisGoogle Scholar
  14. Richaman P (1991) Introduction: the diversity of the Ramayana tradition. In: Richman P (ed) Many Ramayanas: the diversity of a narrative tradition in South Asia. University of California Press, Berkley, pp 3–21Google Scholar
  15. Rocklin A (2013) Haunting violence: Obeah and the management of the living and the dead in colonial Trinidad. Religion and culture web forum, University of Chicago. https://divinity.uchicago.edu/sites/default/files/imce/pdfs/webforum/112013/Rocklin%20Haunting%20Violence%20Final%202.pdf. Accessed 19 July 2015
  16. Rocklin A (2014) Religion under contract: the regulation of religion and the making of Hinduism in colonial Trinidad. Dissertation, University of ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  17. Rocklin A (2015) Obeah and the politics of religion’s making and unmaking in colonial Trinidad. J Am Acad Relig 83(3):697–721CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Schwartz BM (1967) Caste in overseas Indian communities. Chandler Publishing Company, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  19. Singh SA (2012) The Ramayana tradition and socio-religious change in Trinidad, 1917–1990. Ian Randle Publishers, KingstonGoogle Scholar
  20. Thapar R (1993) Interpreting early India. Oxford University Press, DelhiGoogle Scholar
  21. Vertovec S (1990) Religion and ethnic ideology: the Hindu youth movement in Trinidad. Ethn Racial Stud 13(2):225–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Vertovec S (1992) Hindu Trinidad: religion, ethnicity and socio-economic change. Macmillan Caribbean, LondonGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Willamette UniversitySalemUSA