Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Hinduism in Trinidad and Tobago

  • Alexander RocklinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_154


Hinduism in Trinidad and Tobago is a practically and discursively confected “world religion” produced beginning in the early twentieth century from a heterogeneous set of local Hindu practices and international models for Hindu social formation. This was accomplished through the work of a Hindu-identified Indian Trinidadian middle class, Indian missionaries, and the disciplining effects of colonial institutions. Trinidadians have continued to reproduce and contest the limits and contours of Hinduism into the postcolonial present.


From 1838 to 1917, Indians spread around the world as indentured laborers, with approximately 144,000 of them coming to the British colony of Trinidad in the West Indies (Tobago did not receive Indian laborers). There is a great deal of heterogeneity among peoples across South Asia, who divide themselves by caste, sectarian, tribal, ethnic, linguistic, regional, and village identities. These modes of identification were in flux during...


Hindu Sects Firewalking Ramlila Caste Arya Samaj Sanatan Dharma Kali Puja Sai Baba Colonialism 
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Willamette UniversitySalemUSA