Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

2019 Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Conscienciology and Projectiology

  • Anthony D’AndreaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-27078-4_12


At the intersection of Spiritism, science, and New Age individualism in Brazil, Conscientiology emerged in the 1990s self-fashioned as “the study of consciousness by means of a holistic, holosomatic, multidimensional, bioenergetic, projective, self-conscious and cosmoethic approach” (Vieira 1994). Along with Projectiology, the older sister from which Conscientiology directly derives, both disciplines carry out an update of Brazilian Spiritism, but one that displaces traditional mediumship for an individualized focus on out-of-body experience (OBE, also known as conscious or astral projection). Within broader transformations in Brazilian religion and culture, they embraced therapy discourses sustaining an instrumental culture of self-empowerment prevalent among segments of the urban New Age in Latin America. Along with Projectiology, Conscientiology can be thus characterized as an emerging form of New Age Spiritism (D’Andrea 2000).

Likewise, in available scholarship,...


Projectiology Spiritism Science Parapsychology Waldo Vieira Brazil 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. D’Andrea A (2000) O Self Perfeito e a nova era:iIndividualismo e reflexividade em religiosidades Pós-Tradicionais. Ed. Loyola, São PauloGoogle Scholar
  2. D’Andrea A (2013) The niche globalization of a Brazilian parascience: projectiology, its cosmology and Internationalization. In: Rocha C, Vazquez M (eds) The diaspora of Brazilian religions, vol 339–362. Brill, Leiden/BostonGoogle Scholar
  3. Heelas P, Amaral L (1994) Notes on the “Nova Era”: Rio de Janeiro and Environs. Religion 24:173–180CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hess D (1987) Spiritism and science in Brazil: an anthropological interpretation of religion and ideology. Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell UniversityGoogle Scholar
  5. Vieira W (1986) Projeciologia: Panorama das Experiências da Consciência Fora do Corpo Humano. Author’s publication, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  6. Vieira W (1994) 700 experimentos da conscienciologia. Instituto Internacional de Projeciologia, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  7. Vieira W (1996) Conscienciograma. IIPC, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Latin American StudiesUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA