Diagnostic Applications of Nuclear Medicine: Pancreatic Cancer

  • Elena TabacchiEmail author
  • Cristina Nanni
  • Irene Bossert
  • Anna Margherita Maffione
  • Stefano Fanti
Living reference work entry

Latest version View entry history



Pancreatic cancer can be assessed through a variety of imaging techniques including endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), computed tomography (CT), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP).

These imaging modalities are often effective in the evaluation of pancreatic cancers although sometimes they require the use of radiopharmaceuticals with positron and single-photon emission CT (PET and SPECT) imaging techniques. In this chapter the role of nuclear medicine with various radiolabeled compounds and the rationale for their use in endocrine and nonendocrine pancreatic tumors are discussed.


Pancreatic cancer Neuroendocrine tumor Gastroenteropancreatic tumor SPECT/CT PET/CT Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy Somatostatin analogues 111In-pentetreotide [18F]FDG 123I-MIBG 131I-MIBG 18F-DOPA 68Ga-DOTA-peptides Peptide radioreceptor therapy 

















Neuroendocrine tumor producing adrenocorticopic hormone


American Joint Committee on Cancer


Breast cancer type 1 susceptibility protein


Breast cancer type 2 susceptibility protein

CA 19-9

Carbohydrate antigen 19-9


Cholecystokinin 2


Neuroendocrine tumor producing corticotropin-releasing hormone


X-ray computed tomography


Diabetes mellitus




1,4,7,10-Tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid


Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid


Ethylenediamine-N,N'-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid


European Neuroendocrine Tumor Society


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography


Endoscopic ultrasonography


Multiple mole melanoma syndrome


Fine-needle aspiration


Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor


Gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor


Neuroendocrine tumor producing growth hormone-releasing hormone






Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor


Gross tumor volume


Human equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1


High-power field


Hydrazidonicotinic acid/hydrazinonicotinamide


Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm




Multi-detector row computed tomography




Maximum intensity projection


Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography


Magnetic resonance imaging


Medullary thyroid carcinoma


Mammalian target of rapamycin


National Comprehensive Cancer Network


Neuroendocrine carcinoma


Neuroendocrine tumor




Pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia


Pancreatic cancer


Positron emission tomography


Positron emission tomography/computed tomography


Integrated positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance system


Pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm


Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors


Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy


Surgery achieving negative microscopic resection margins


Surgery achieving microscopic positive resection margins


Surgery achieving residual macroscopic disease


Radiation therapy


Single-photon emission computed tomography


Single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography


Somatostatin receptor


Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy


Somatostatin analogues


Somatostatin receptors


Standardized uptake value




AJCC/UICC staging system based on parameters “T” (tumor status), “N” (lymph node status) and “M” (distant metastasis status)




Union Internationale Contre le Cancer (International Union Against Cancer)






Vasoactive intestinal peptide


World Health Organization


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Tabacchi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Cristina Nanni
    • 1
  • Irene Bossert
    • 1
    • 3
  • Anna Margherita Maffione
    • 2
  • Stefano Fanti
    • 1
  1. 1.Nuclear Medicine Unit“S. Orsola-Malpighi” University HospitalBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Nuclear Medicine UnitOspedale Santa Maria della MisericordiaRovigoItaly
  3. 3.Nuclear Medicine Service“Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri” IRCCSPaviaItaly

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