Encyclopedia of GIS

Living Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

OpenStreetMap

  • Carsten Keßler
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23519-6_1654-1

Definition

OpenStreetMap (http://www.openstreetmap.org) is a community-driven “project that creates and distributes free geographic data of the world” (OpenStreetMap, 2015e).

Historical Background

Often referred to as the Wikipedia of maps, OpenStreetMap was started as an alternative to the high-quality, but expensive, government datasets provided by the Ordnance Survey in the UK. Steve Coast, a physics student at the University College London at that time, first introduced the idea of a free street map based on GPS tracks provided by volunteers in 2004 (Gyford, 2004). The idea was quickly adopted by a growing international community. In summer 2006, the OpenStreetMap Foundation was registered as a legal entity responsible for the OpenStreetMap server infrastructure, fund raising, and potential liability issues. The first slippy map – an interactive web map that can be freely zoomed and panned – was generated from OpenStreetMap data in November 2006. An agreement with Yahoo! in...

Keywords

Street Segment Server Infrastructure Volunteer Geographic Information Aerial Imagery Online Channel 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Ballatore A, Bertolotto M, Wilson DC (2013) Geographic knowledge extraction and semantic similarity in OpenStreetMap. Knowl Inf Syst 37(1):61–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Barron C, Neis P, Zipf A (2014) A comprehensive framework for intrinsic OpenStreetMap quality analysis. Trans GIS 18(6):877–895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Budhathoki NR (2010) Participants’ motivations to contribute geographic information in an online community. Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignGoogle Scholar
  4. Girres JF, Touya G (2010) Quality assessment of the French OpenStreetMap dataset. Trans GIS 14(4):435–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Goetz M, Zipf A (2011) Extending OpenStreetMap to indoor environments: bringing volunteered geographic information to the next level. CRC Press, Delft, pp 51–61Google Scholar
  6. Goodchild MF, Li L (2012) Assuring the quality of volunteered geographic information. Spat Stat 1:110–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gyford P (2004) Euro Foo Camp: Steve Coast – OpenTextBook & OpenStreetMap. Available from http://www.gyford.com/phil/writing/2004/08/21/euro_foo_camp_st.php; last visited 5 Feb 2015
  8. Haklay M (2010) How good is volunteered geographical information? A comparative study of OpenStreetMap and ordnance survey datasets. Environ Plan B Plan Des 37:682–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Haklay M, Basiouka S, Antoniou V, Ather A (2010) How many volunteers does it take to map an area well? The validity of Linus’ law to volunteered geographic information. Cartogr J 47(4):315–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Keßler C, de Groot RTA (2013) Trust as a proxy measure for the quality of volunteered geographic information in the case of OpenStreetMap. In: Vandenbroucke D, Bucher B, Crompvoets J (eds) Geographic information science at the heart of Europe. Springer, Cham/New York, pp 21–37Google Scholar
  11. Mondzech J, Sester M (2011) Quality analysis of OpenStreetMap data based on application needs. Cartogr Int J Geogr Inf Geovisualization 46(2):115–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mooney P, Corcoran P (2014) Analysis of interaction and co-editing patterns amongst OpenStreetMap contributors. Trans GIS 18(5):633–659CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Neis P, Zipf A (2012) Analyzing the contributor activity of a volunteered geographic information project – The case of OpenStreetMap. ISPRS Int J Geo-Inf 1(2):146–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Neis P, Goetz M, Zipf A (2012) Towards automatic vandalism detection in OpenStreetMap. ISPRS Int J Geo-Inf 1(3):315–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. OpenStreetMap (2015a) Develop. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Develop, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  16. OpenStreetMap (2015b) History of OpenStreetMap. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/History_of_OpenStreetMap, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  17. OpenStreetMap (2015c) Import/Catalogue. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Import/Catalogue, last visited 3 Aug 2015
  18. OpenStreetMap (2015d) Map features. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Map_Features, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  19. OpenStreetMap (2015e) OpenStreetMap Wiki. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  20. OpenStreetMap (2015f) Planet.osm. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Planet.osm, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  21. OpenStreetMap (2015g) Stats. Available from http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Stats, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  22. OpenStreetMap Foundation (2012) We are changing the license. Available from http://www.osmfoundation.org/wiki/License/We_Are_Changing_The_License, last visited 5 Feb 2015
  23. Scheider S, Keßler C, Ortmann J, Devaraju A, Trame J, Kauppinen T, Kuhn W (2011) Semantic referencing of geosensor data and volunteered geographic information. In: Geospatial semantics and the semantic web. Springer, New York, pp 27–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Soden R, Palen L (2014) From crowdsourced mapping to community mapping: the post-earthquake work of OpenStreetMap Haiti. In: COOP 2014-proceedings of the 11th international conference on the design of cooperative systems, 27–30 May 2014, Nice. Springer, pp 311–326Google Scholar
  25. Stephens M (2013) Gender and the GeoWeb: divisions in the production of user-generated cartographic information. GeoJournal 78(6):981–996. doi:10.1007/s10708-013-9492-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zielstra D, Zipf A (2010) A comparative study of proprietary geodata and volunteered geographic information for Germany. In: 13th AGILE international conference on geographic information science, Guimarães, Portugal, vol 10Google Scholar
  27. Zielstra D, Hochmair HH, Neis P (2013) Assessing the effect of data imports on the completeness of OpenStreetMap–a United States case study. Trans GIS 17(3):315–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Advanced Research of Spatial Information and Department of GeographyHunter College, City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA