Encyclopedia of GIS

Living Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

3D Indoor Models and Their Applications

  • Sisi Zlatanova
  • Umit Isikdag
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23519-6_1551-1


Indoor environments are often referred as to enclosed spaces. However, the general definition of space can already indicate that a space can be bounded. Wordnet (http://wordnet.priceton.edu) defines space as “an empty areas usually bounded in some way between things.” Specialized ontologies such as OmniClass (http://www.omniclass.org, a classification for architecture, engineering, and construction in North America) distinguish between spaces by form and spaces by function. “Spaces by form are basic units of the built environment delineated by physical or abstract boundaries and characterized by physical form.” “Spaces by function are basic units of the built environment delineated by physical or abstract boundaries and characterized by their function.” The spaces can be both 2D and 3D. For example, space by form can be a 3D room or a 2D walking path. An interesting example is a wall (interior, exterior), which is considered a space by function, which implies that spaces...


Point Cloud Building Information Model Structure From Motion Indoor Space Shape Grammar 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.3D geoinformation, Faculty of Architecture and the Built EnvironmentDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of InformaticsMimar Sinan Fine Arts UniversityIstanbulTurkey