Jewish Business Ethics
At its most basic level, Jewish business ethics is an approach to business that turns to the Jewish religious tradition for guidance, leading to definitions like “the interpretation of the written and oral Torah to determine what God commands us to be and to do” (Pava 1998). Other definitions look to incorporate some specifics like “business is seen as a path to sanctity… wealth is seen as originating from God, the vulnerable are protected against fraud and theft, charity is seen as an obligation, and mercy towards debtors is tempered by justice” (Tamari 1997). And while these are certainly useful definitions, it is nonetheless important to note that Jewish business ethics is an approach to business that differs from other spiritual traditions in that business activity is viewed as a moral calling in and of itself. A Jewish approach to business ethics is concerned with engaging in business in a way that changes the...