Leadership theory focuses mainly on perceptions of followers’ judgment of leadership behaviors. Perceptions of leadership behaviors are highly valuable, although it is not clear which behavioral criterion is applied in employee’s perceptions. There are several criteria that can be used to assess the effectiveness or adequacy of the behavior, for instance, aiming for effective and efficient goal-realization (strategic behaviors); truth and correctness (constative behaviors); sincerity, authenticity, and truthfulness (expressive behaviors); rightness and morality (normative behaviors); and personal change and transformation (inspirational behaviors). Thus, for instance, acting morally means applying rightness and morality criteria for evaluating behavior rather than strategic, constative, expressive, or inspirational criteria.
To maximize perceptions of ethical...
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