Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos

Data Ownership and Data Sharing Practices

  • Charon A. PiersonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_315-1
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Synonyms

Definition

Research-generated data are generally regarded as intellectual property and entitled to legal protection or copyright; however, ownership of those rights may be governed by institutional policies. Implicit in the idea of ownership of data is the concept of stewardship of data, including access, creation, modification, sale, storage, and the ability to assign or license any of these privileges to others. Open data and open science promote sharing research data gathered by scientists to verify scientific findings, reduce the financial burden of conducting research, and improve the reproducibility of scientific studies (Editorial 2018). It is also widely held that open data decrease the cost of research by fostering multiple projects from one data source, although there are costs associated with transforming and maintaining data in a repository where...

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References

  1. Editorial – no name (2018) Data sharing and the future of science. Nat Commun 9:article number: 2817.  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-05227-zCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Figueiredo AS (2017) Data sharing: convert challenges into opportunities. Front Public Health 5:327.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Nosek B, Alter G, Banks D, Borsboom D, Bowman SD, Bewxklwe SJ et al (2015) Promoting and open research culture. Science 348(6242):1422–1425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Wilkinson MD, Dumontier M, Aalbersberg IJ, Appleton G, Axton M, Baak A et al (2016) The FAIR Guiding Principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Sci Data 3:160018.  https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2016.18CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Committee on Publication EthicsGilbertUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charon A. Pierson
    • 1
  1. 1.Committee on Publication EthicsGilbertUSA