Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos

Ethical Peer Review

  • Charon A. PiersonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_314-1

Synonyms

Definition

Peer review is a systematic process of evaluation of work by experts in the relevant field. To be a peer, the experts must be similarly qualified to the originators of a work (e.g., scholars in the same discipline, professors of the same rank, practitioners in the same discipline). The work evaluated could be scholarly manuscripts, grant applications, conference submissions, data, or the clinical activities of professionals such as physicians or teachers. A primary objective of peer review is to improve the quality of work by providing impartial feedback to the originators or implementers of the work. Expectations for the evaluation should be clearly stated but reporting formats can vary from checklists, written summaries, direct observation of work, or other methods appropriate to the...

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References

  1. Baldwin M (2018) Scientific autonomy, public accountability, and the rise of “peer review” in the Cold War United States. Isis 109(3):538–558.  https://doi.org/10.1086/700070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. COPE Council Ethical guidelines for peer reviewers. September 2017. www.publicationethics.org
  3. Ginna P (2018) What editors do: the art, craft, and business of book editing. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Secretary, COPE CouncilGilbertUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Charon Pierson
    • 1
  1. 1.Secretary for the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)Editor Emeritus of the Journal of the American Association of Nurse PractitionersGilbertUSA