Encyclopedia of Business and Professional Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: Deborah C Poff, Alex C. Michalos

Marx, Karl

  • Yafei HuEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_1121-1



Karl Marx (1818–1883) was a thinker, philosopher, economist, and political theorist, who has influenced both western and eastern society profoundly. The greatest contribution of Marx is Marxism, a total body of theory which consists of Marxist philosophy, Marxist political economics, and scientific socialism. Western Marxism, together with analytic philosophy, phenomenology, and structuralism, is considered to consist of four main streams of philosophy in the twentieth century. On the other hand, Marxism in eastern contexts, for instance, is represented by Marxism-Leninism, which has served as part of the guidance of the Communist Party of China.

Marx’s representative works include three volumes of Capital (Das Kapital) and The Communist Manifesto(1848, written in cooperation with his friend, Friedrich Engels). He insists on the famous belief that philosophers have merely interpreted the world in various ways, and the point is to change it. Marx finds...

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  1. Marx K (1945) Capital: a critique of political economy, vol II. Penguin, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. Marx K (1975) Economic and philosophical manuscripts of 1844. In: Early writings. Penguin, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Marx K, Engels F (1967) The communist manifesto (1848) (trans: Moore S). Penguin, LondonGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business Administration, School of ManagementFudan UniversityShanghaiChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Qinqin Zheng
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Business Administration, School of ManagementFudan UniversityShanghaiChina