Encyclopedia of Early Modern Philosophy and the Sciences

Living Edition
| Editors: Dana Jalobeanu, Charles T. Wolfe

Women Philosophers in the French Revolution (Gouges, Roland, Grouchy)

  • Sandrine BergèsEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20791-9_415-1


Because one of the values of the French Revolution was equality, it is not surprising that a number of philosophers and political thinkers asked questions about the role and place of women in the new republic. Some of these thinkers were men, such as Nicolas de Condorcet, who published a paper defending women’s rights to citizenship. But those who were immediately concerned by potential reforms also produced writings on various aspects of the Revolution and the political reforms it promised.

Women wrote to defend the French Revolution in England (e.g., Catharine Macaulay, Mary Wollstonecraft) and in France (Olympe de Gouges, Manon Roland, Sophie de Grouchy – and many more). Although they were greatly influenced by Rousseau, as were most revolutionary writers, they took issues with the more misogynist aspects of his writings, while engaging with his arguments regarding the nature of women and their function in a republic. The result of their engagement was a new or...

Related Topics

Women on Liberty Education Les Salonières Society and Sociability 
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyBilkent UniversityAnkaraTurkey

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ruth Hagengruber
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Humanwissenschaften, PhilosophieUniversität PaderbornPaderbornDeutschland