Skin Lesions and Pressure Ulcers

Living reference work entry


The skin is the body’s largest organ and is the most conspicuous. It plays not only an integral role in self-perception and outward attractiveness but very often conveys the earliest diagnostic signs of internal disease. Attention to and care of the skin contribute not only to the elderly patient’s health and physical comfort but also to their quality of life, psychological well-being, and dignity. In this chapter, we review age-related mechanical and functional changes in the skin. The prevalence of skin malignancies and pressure sores is increasing in the growing elderly population. These conditions are often curable, if not preventable, in their early stages. Therefore, caregivers and surgeons must be vigilant for the subtle skin changes inadvertently ignored or neglected by the elderly patient experiencing impaired vision, sensation, mobility, or cognition.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew York CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryNew York-Presbyterian Brooklyn Methodist HospitalNew York CityUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jason Johanning
    • 1
  • Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadayalan
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Duke MedicineDurhamUSA

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