Encyclopedia of GIS

2017 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

Modeling and Multiple Perceptions

  • Christine Parent
  • Stefano Spaccapietra
  • Esteban Zimányi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_805



Multirepresentation generalizes known concepts such as database views and geographic multiscale databases. This chapter describes the handling of multi-representation in the MADS (Modeling Application Data with Spatio-temporal features) data modeling approach. MADS builds on the concept of orthogonality to support multiple modeling dimensions. The structural basis of the MADS model is based on extended entity-relationship (ER) constructs. This is complemented with three other modeling dimensions: space, time, and representation. The latter allows the specification of multiple perceptions of the real world and modeling of the multiple representations of real-world elements that are needed to materialize these perceptions.

Historical Background

Traditional database design organizes the data of interest into a database schema, which describes objects and their relationships, as well as their attributes. At the...

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Recommended Reading.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine Parent
    • 1
  • Stefano Spaccapietra
    • 2
  • Esteban Zimányi
    • 3
  1. 1.University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  2. 2.Swiss Federal Institute of TechnologyLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Free University of BrusselsBrusselsBelgium