Encyclopedia of GIS

2017 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

Hydrologic Impacts, Spatial Simulation

  • Graeme Aggett
  • Chris McColl
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_574

Synonyms

Definition

Spatial simulation of future hydrologic impacts involves deterministic or probabilistic modeling approaches that attempt to simulate likely changes in hydrology, and subsequent hydrologic response (impacts) of these changes, for a particular study area. The modeling approach might be focused on understanding the spatial impacts of predicted hydrologic changes (e.g., rainfall intensity), and/or changes in parameters impacting rainfall-runoff response and flow routing (e.g., changing land use). The goal is to produce spatial (map) and other data outputs that can assist planners and managers better understand the spatial ramifications of an uncertain future. Where appropriate and possible, estimates of uncertainty should be embedded in the map output. This information might be used to develop more informed and hence effective land use plans, flood mitigation strategies, or management strategies for...

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  1. Burrough PA (1989) Fuzzy mathematical methods for soil survey and land evaluation. J Soil Sci 40:477–492CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graeme Aggett
    • 1
  • Chris McColl
    • 2
  1. 1.Riverside Technology, Inc.Fort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeographyCentral Washington UniversityEllensburgUSA