Encyclopedia of GIS

2017 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

Hierarchical Spatial Models

  • Ali Arab
  • Mevin B. Hooten
  • Christopher K. Wikle
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_564


A hierarchical spatial model is the product of conditional distributions for data conditioned on a spatial process and parameters, the spatial process conditioned on the parameters defining the spatial dependencies between process locations and the parameters themselves.

Historical Background

Scientists across a wide range of disciplines have long recognized the importance of spatial dependencies in their data and the underlying process of interest. Initially due to computational limitations, they dealt with such dependencies by randomization and blocking rather than the explicit characterization of the dependencies in their models. Early developments in spatial modeling started in the 1950s and 1960s motivated by problems in mining engineering and meteorology (Cressie 1993), followed by the introduction of Markov random fields (Besag 1974). The application of hierarchical spatial and...

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Recommended Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Arab
    • 1
  • Mevin B. Hooten
    • 2
  • Christopher K. Wikle
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsGeorgetown UniversityWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Geological Survey, Colorado Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fish, Wildlife, and Conservation Biology, Department of StatisticsColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  3. 3.Department of StatisticsUniversity of Missouri-ColumbiaColumbiaUSA