Encyclopedia of GIS

2017 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

3D Network Analysis for User Centric Evacuation Systems

  • Umit Atila
  • Ismail Rakip Karas
  • Yasin Ortakci
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_1549

Introduction

Research on evacuation of high-rise buildings in case of disasters such as fire, terrorist attacks, indoor air pollution incidents, etc., has become popular in the last decade. In case of such disasters, people inside the buildings should be evacuated out of the area as soon as possible. However, organizing a quick and safe evacuation is a difficult procedure due to the complexity of high-rise buildings and the huge number of people occupied inside such buildings. Besides, problems such as smoke inhalation, confluence, panic, and inaccessibility of some exits may arise during the evacuation procedure. Therefore, an efficient user-centric evacuation system should be developed for quick and safe evacuation from high and complex buildings.

Routing someone to an appropriate exit in safety can only be possible with a system that can manage the 3D topological transportation network of a building. Realizing an evacuation of a building in such systems also called navigation...

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Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by TUBITAK-The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey research grant [grant number: 112Y050]. We are indebted for its financial support.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Umit Atila
    • 1
  • Ismail Rakip Karas
    • 1
  • Yasin Ortakci
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer EngineeringKarabuk UniversityKarabukTurkey