Encyclopedia of GIS

2017 Edition
| Editors: Shashi Shekhar, Hui Xiong, Xun Zhou

Privacy and Security Challenges in GIS

  • Bhavani Thuraisingham
  • Latifur Khan
  • Ganesh Subbiah
  • Ashraful Alam
  • Murat Kantarcioglu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-17885-1_1018

Synonyms

Definition

Geospatial data refers to information about shapes and extent of geographic entities along with their locations on the surface of the earth. This definition, however, is often extended to include any physical or logical entity as long as it exhibits one or more geographic characteristics such as topology of a proposed highway infrastructure or location of a moving vehicle. Geospatial data management pertains to the acquisition, manipulation and dissemination of geospatial data under a set of guidelines. It has numerous applications including counter-terrorism, climate-change detection and space exploration. For example, global warming has been one of the major climate changing events in recent years. The significance of global warming lies in the severe impact that even small climate changes could cause on weather patterns, ecosystems and other activities. Understanding the causes and impacts of global warming is therefore critical....

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Special thanks go to Dr. Mike Jackson of the University of Nottingham and the Open Geospatial Consortium for their comments on our research. Prof. Elisa Bertino and Prof. Michael Gertz also provided valuable comments on geospatial data security.

References

  1. Ashraful A, Thuraisingham B (2006) Geospatial resource description framework (GRDF) and secure GRDF. Technical report, UTDCS-03-06, University of Texas at Dallas, http://www.cs.utdallas.edu
  2. Assessing the Homeland security implications of publicly available geospatial information. Rand Report for NGA (2004)Google Scholar
  3. Atluri V, Chun S (2004) An authorization model for geospatial data. IEEE Trans Dependable Sec Comput 1:238–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Belussi A, Bertino E, Catania B, Damiani ML, Nucita A (2004) An authorization model for geographical maps. http://www.informatik.uni-trier.de/~ley/db/conf/gis/gis2004.html. GIS 2004
  5. Buttenfield B, Gahegan M, Miller H, Geospatial data mining and knowledge discovery. http://www.ucgis.org/priorities/research/research_white/2000%20Papers/emerging/gkd.pdf
  6. Geography Markup Language (GML) version 3.1.1. http://portal.opengeospatial.org/files/?artifact_id=4700
  7. Geospatial Interoperability Reference Model (GIRM, V 1.1) http://gai.fgdc.gov/. Accessed Dec 2003
  8. Kantarcioglu M, Clifton C (2004) Privacy-preserving distributed mining of association rules on horizontally partitioned data. IEEE Trans Knowl Data Eng 16:1026–1037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Khan L, Awad M, Thuraisingham B (2007, in press) A new intrusion detection system using support vector machines and hierarchical clustering. VLDB JGoogle Scholar
  10. Li D. Geospatial semantic web research at LAITS. http://www.ncgia.ucsb.edu/projects/nga/docs/Di_Position.pdf
  11. Lieberman J, Pehle T, Dean M. Semantic evolution of geospatial web services. http://www.w3.org/2005/04/FSWS/Submissions/48/GSWS_Position_Paper.html
  12. Matheus A (2005) Declaration and enforcement of fine-grained access restrictions for a service-based geospatial data infrastructure. In: Proceedings of the 10th ACM symposium on access control models and technologies. ACM, New York, pp 21–28Google Scholar
  13. Mazzoleni P, Bertino E, Crispo B, Sivasubramanian S (2006) XACML policy integration algorithms: ∼ not to be confused with XACML policy combination algorithms! In: Proceedings of 11th ACM symposium on access control models and technologies. ACM, New York, pp 219–227Google Scholar
  14. National Research Council (2004) Climate data records from environmental satellites, Interim report, NOAA Operational Satellites. National Research CouncilGoogle Scholar

Recommended Reading

  1. Onsrud HJ, Johnson JP, Lopez X (1994) Protecting personal privacy in using geographic information systems. Photogramm Eng Image Process 60:1083–1095Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhavani Thuraisingham
    • 1
  • Latifur Khan
    • 1
  • Ganesh Subbiah
    • 1
  • Ashraful Alam
    • 1
  • Murat Kantarcioglu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceThe University of Texas at DallasDallas, TXUSA