Competency-Based Personalization Process for Smart Learning Environments

Living reference work entry


This chapter is a synthesis on the role of competency models in smart learning environments. A formal definition of competency, integrating the notions of skill/attitudes, knowledge, and performance, provides a foundation for the discussion. Concrete examples and tools will illustrate the role of competencies to help personalize learning scenarios, a central goal for smart learning environments. Competency as an input to and as an outcome of the learning process will be integrated in a learning design methodology, including user models and e-portfolios. A method for comparing competency will serve in the definition of assistance agents or recommenders. Finally, a number of research challenges will be identified.


Competency Learning objectives Personalization Adaptation Learning design Learning scenarios Recommender systems Advisor systems 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LICEF Research CenterTélé-universitéMontréalCanada

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