Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Mechanosensor

  • Michael KhalilEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_997-1

Synonyms

Definition

Molecular structures that trigger biological reactions based on mechanical forces

Introduction

These molecules are responsible to elicit a procedure known as mechanotransduction. Mechanical forces influence these molecules to trigger biological reactions. Eukaryotic cells contain these mechanosensory structures. There have been attempts to understand the exact functions of these molecules using a number of advanced techniques.

Mechanosensors

These are the molecules or structures that may experience a conformational change and whose interaction with other molecules is affected by mechanical forces. In some cases, the forces applied on molecules are required to trigger biologically significant reactions (Shen et al. 2017).

The mechanosensors in the cell are responsible for the process called mechanotransduction, which refers to the physiological processes through which living cells sense and respond to mechanical...

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References

  1. Bavi, O., Nikolaev, Y., Bavi, N., Martinac, A., Ridone, P., Martinac, B., et al. (2017). Chapter 4: Principles of mechanosensing at the membrane interface. In J.-M. Ruysschaert & R. Epand (Eds.), The biophysics of cell membranes. Biological consequences, Springer series in biophysics (Vol. 19, pp. 85–120). Singapore: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6244-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Delmas, P., & Coste, B. (2013). Mechano-gated ion channels in sensory systems. Cell, 155(2), 278–284.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Fritzsch, B., Beisel, K. W., Pauley, S., & Soukup, G. (2007). Molecular evolution of the vertebrate mechanosensory cell and ear. The International Journal of Developmental Biology, 51(6–7), 663–678.  https://doi.org/10.1387/ijdb.072367bf.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Kita, T., Freeman, S., & Ladher, R. (2013). Chapter 1: The birth of a mechanosensor: Development of vertebrate hair cells. In A. Zubair & R. Saima (Eds.), Inner ear development and hearing loss (pp. 1–24). New York: Nova Science Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Kung, C. (2005). A possible unifying principle for mechanosensation. Nature, 436(7051), 647–654.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Shen, Y., Cheng, Y., Uyeda, T. Q., & Plaza, G. R. (2017). Cell mechanosensors and the possibilities of using magnetic nanoparticles to study them and to modify cell fate. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 45(10), 2475–2486.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus