Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Alcohol and Balance

  • Michael Khalil
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_994-1

Synonyms

Definition

Alcohol intoxication has deleterious effects on balance. It is referred to as an ototoxic drug.

Introduction

Alcohol intoxication has negative effects on one’s balance in many ways. The vestibular system is greatly affected even if ingested in small amounts. It is concluded that alcohol intoxication causes a series of multifaceted deterioration of body movement.

Effects of Alcohol on Balance

The effects of alcohol intoxication can be devastating to one’s health in a number of ways. More specifically, ethanol intoxication causes impairment in postural sway (Woollacott 1983). Its effects are well investigated on other structures of the brain and body, i.e., the oculomotor system, but there have not been many reports on the acute effects of alcohol on the vestibular system (Nieschalk et al. 1999). Nieschalk et al. have demonstrated in their study that alcohol intoxication affects mainly the vestibulocerebellum, a finding that disputed...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bellé, M., do Amaral Sartori, S., & Rossi, A. G. (2007). Alcoholism: Effects on the cochleo-vestibular apparatus. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 73(1), 110–116.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Diener, H. C., Dichgans, J., Bacher, M., Hülser, J., & Liebich, H. (1983). Mechanisms of postural ataxia after intake of alcohol. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 90(3), 159–165.Google Scholar
  3. Fetter, M., Haslwanter, T., Bork, M., & Dichgans, J. (1999). New insights into positional alcohol nystagmus using three-dimensional eye-movement analysis. Annals of Neurology, 45(2), 216–223.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Hafstrom, A., Modig, F., Karlberg, M., & Fransson, P. A. (2007). Increased visual dependence and otolith dysfunction with alcohol intoxication. Neuroreport, 18(4), 391–394.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ikeda, Y., Sasa, M., & Takaori, S. (1980). Selective effect of ethanol on the vestibular nucleus neurons in the cat. The Japanese Journal of Pharmacology, 30(5), 665–673.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Modig, F., Fransson, P. A., Magnusson, M., & Patel, M. (2012a). Blood alcohol concentration at 0.06 and 0.10% causes a complex multifaceted deterioration of body movement control. Alcohol, 46(1), 75–88.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Modig, F., Patel, M., Magnusson, M., & Fransson, P. A. (2012b). Study I: Effects of 0.06% and 0.10% blood alcohol concentration on human postural control. Gait & Posture, 35(3), 410–418.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nieschalk, M., Ortmann, C., West, A., Schmäl, F., Stoll, W., & Fechner, G. (1999). Effects of alcohol on body-sway patterns in human subjects. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 112(4), 253–260.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Tianwu, H., Watanabe, Y., Asai, M., Shimizu, K., Takada, S., & Mizukoshi, K. (1995). Effects of alcohol ingestion on vestibular function in postural control. Acta Oto-Laryngologica, 115(Supl 519), 127–131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Woollacott, M. H. (1983). Effects of ethanol on postural adjustments in humans. Experimental Neurology, 80(1), 55–68.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Khalil
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus