Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Survival Advantages of ADHD Symptoms Based on Evolutionary Mismatch Approaches

  • Jiaqing OEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_716-1



Symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are regarded by evolutionary mismatch theorists as prehistorically useful traits that have become broadly nonadaptive in the present world as a result of evolutionary time lags.


ADHD is a condition which is generally typified by an enduring tendency for the sufferer to be extremely active, distractible, and impetuous, and that he/she is also prone to be neglectful of his/her tasks at hand (American Psychiatric Association 2013). It is an affliction that has often been associated with a range of adverse consequences (regardless of whether one has received appropriate psychological/psychiatric interventions or not) such as having a greater likelihood of experiencing weight issues, problems with substance abuse, inferior self-respect and psychosocial...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyAberystwyth UniversityAberystwythUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Steven Arnocky
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and SciencesNipissing UniversityNorth BayCanada