Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Psychopathy (Mealey)

  • Talia Hashmani
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_686-1

Synonyms

Definition

Psychopathy is a mental disorder derived from either genetic or environmental risk factors, where individuals engage in deviant, irresponsible, and egocentric behaviors, while maintaining an inability to establish successful connections with others.

Introduction

Dr. Linda Mealey, an evolutionary psychology researcher who passed away at the age of 46, contributed greatly to the scientific field through her work on psychopathy, evolution, and genetics. This chapter will discuss and review Mealey’s work on psychopathy, with the majority of the chapter focused on her 1995 paper, The Sociobiology of Sociopathy: An Integrated Evolutionary Model.

The author will highlight psychopathy, a condition which encompasses 3–4% of the male population and less than 1% of the female population (Mealey 1995; see the Antisocial Behavior Chapter [Hashmani and Jonason 2017] for details on sex differences in antisocial...

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References

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cleckley, H. M. (1941). The mask of sanity: An attempt to reinterpret the so-called psychopathic personality. St. Louis: Mosby.Google Scholar
  3. Hare, R. D. (1991). The hare psychopathy checklist-revised: Manual. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems, Inc.Google Scholar
  4. Hashmani, T. (2018). Personality disorders. In T. Shackelford & V. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. New York, NY: Springer. https://doi.org/doi:10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_673-1
  5. Hashmani, T., & Jonason, P. K. (2017). Antisocial behavior. In T. K. Shackelford & V. A. Weekes-Shackelford (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science (pp. 1–6). New York, NY: Springer. Google Scholar
  6. Mealey, L. (1995). The sociobiology of sociopathy: An integrated evolutionary model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 18(3), 523–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Mealey, L. (1997). Heritability, theory of mind, and the nature of normality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 20(3), 527–531.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Mealey, L. (1999). The multiplicity of rape: From life history strategies to prevention strategies. Jurimetrics, 39(2), 217–226.Google Scholar
  9. Mealey, L., & Kinner, S. (2003). Psychopathy, machiavellianism and theory of mind. In M. Brüne, H. Ribbert, & W. Schiefenhövel (Eds.), The social brain: Evolution and pathology (pp. 355–372). Chichester: Wiley.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of WaterlooWaterlooCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Doug P. VanderLaan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Toronto MississaugaMississaugaCanada
  2. 2.Child, Youth and Family DivisionCentre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada