Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Inhibition

  • Delanie K. Roberts
  • Jessie L. Betancourt
  • R. Matt AldersonEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_3132-1

Synonyms

Definition

The process of suppressing an automatic/prepotent response or mental representation.

Introduction

Inhibition is an executive function that serves to reduce behavioral or cognitive activity, either consciously or unconsciously. Whereas behavioral inhibition refers to the suppression of a prepotent motor response (i.e., any response associated with a history of positive or negative reinforcement), cognitive inhibition refers to the suppression of mental processes. Inhibition may involve the complete cessation of a behavior or mental process, the slowing down of a behavior or mental process, or a decrease in the probability that a behavior or mental process will occur.

Behavioral Inhibition

Behavioral inhibition refers to the process of inhibiting prepotent responses, delaying immediate, ongoing responses, and preventing extraneous information from interfering with response...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Delanie K. Roberts
    • 2
  • Jessie L. Betancourt
    • 1
  • R. Matt Alderson
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Oklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Todd K. Shackelford
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA