The process of suppressing an automatic/prepotent response or mental representation.
Inhibition is an executive function that serves to reduce behavioral or cognitive activity, either consciously or unconsciously. Whereas behavioral inhibition refers to the suppression of a prepotent motor response (i.e., any response associated with a history of positive or negative reinforcement), cognitive inhibition refers to the suppression of mental processes. Inhibition may involve the complete cessation of a behavior or mental process, the slowing down of a behavior or mental process, or a decrease in the probability that a behavior or mental process will occur.
Behavioral inhibition refers to the process of inhibiting prepotent responses, delaying immediate, ongoing responses, and preventing extraneous information from interfering with response...
- Dagenbach, D., & Carr, T. H. (Eds.). (1994). Inhibitory processes in attention, memory, and language. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Dempster, F. N., & Brainerd, C. J. (1995). Interference and inhibition in cognition. San Diego, CA: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Logan, G. D., & Cowan, W. B. (1984). On the ability to inhibit thought and action: A theory of an act of control. Psychological Review 91(3), 295.Google Scholar