Cultural Intelligence Hypothesis, The
Cultural intelligence is understood as the capability to relate and work effectively across cultures.
The initial proposal about cultural intelligence was presented by Earley (2002). Cultural intelligence has been defined as the individual’s capacity to function and manage effectively in culturally diverse settings (Ng 2013). A concise definition of cultural intelligence was proposed by Thomas et al. (2008) as a system of interacting abilities that describe how these elements interact to produce culturally intelligent behavior and then identify measurement implications.
It can be hypothesized that from early in life, humans possess strong abilities for sociocultural cognition; these abilities represent a framework for the further development of complex cognition. This is precisely the hypothesis known as cultural intelligence hypothesis (Herrmann et al. 2007).
Cultural Intelligence Characteristics
- Ang, S., Van Dyne, L., Koh, C., Ng, K. Y., Templer, K. J., Tay, C., & Chandrasekar, N. A. (2007). Cultural intelligence: Its measurement and effects on cultural judgment and decision making, cultural adaptation and task performance. Management and Organization Review, 3(3), 335–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Earley, P. C. (2002). Redefining interactions across cultures and organizations: Moving forward with cultural intelligence. In B. M. Staw & R. M. Kramer (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior (Vol. 24, pp. 271–299). Oxford: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Earley, P. C., & Ang, S. (2003). Cultural intelligence: Individual interactions across cultures. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar