Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Cross-Cultural Similarities

  • Alejandro BriceEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2940-1



Culture has also been defined according to various dichotomies, e.g., individualism/collectivism loose/tight cultures; low-context/high-context communication. However, it should be noted that all cultures exhibit both ends of these continuums. All cultures exist along the entire continuum; therefore, all cultures show similarities in the broader scheme of culture. This broader scheme of culture is in essence human nature, human society, and human culture.


Defining culture is a complicated endeavor given its variation across domains and purpose, which is embodied within a historical context. An anthropological definition of culture is “...that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society” (Tylor1871, p. 1). Culture has also been defined according to various dichotomies, e.g.,...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of South Florida St. PetersburgSt. PetersburgUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Pavol Prokop
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EcologyComenius UniversityBratislavaSlovakia
  2. 2.Institute of ZoologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovakia