Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Face and Object Recognition

  • Jason W. Griffin
  • Natalie V. Motta-MenaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2762-1

Synonyms

Definition

Recognition is the ability to perceive the physical characteristics of objects (including faces and non-face objects) and categorize these characteristics into classes (e.g., size, shape, color), in order to apply a semantic label to the object (e.g., “coffee cup”) or identify the face (e.g., “Jim from the office”).

Introduction

Human vision evolved to support two distinct mechanisms: recognition of objects and visual guidance of movement. As such, visual processing is instantiated in the brain by way of two distinct visual pathways that both originate in primary visual cortex (V1) and project to the temporal (ventral stream) or parietal (dorsal stream) cortex (Kravitz et al. 2013). The distinction between these two pathways has been demonstrated in case studies, showing that patients with lesions in the ventral stream nevertheless demonstrate the ability to appropriately reach and grasp...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Biederman, I. (1987). Recognition-by-components: A theory of human image understanding. Psychological Review, 94(2), 115–147.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.94.2.115.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Boyer, P., & Bergstrom, B. (2011). Threat-detection in child development: An evolutionary perspective. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 35(4), 1034–1041.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2010.08.010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bruce, V., & Young, A. (1986). Understanding face recognition. British Journal of Psychology, 77(3), 305–327.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.1986.tb02199.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Caldara, R., Seghier, M. L., Rossion, B., Lazeyras, F., Michel, C., & Hauert, C.-A. (2006). The fusiform face area is tuned for curvilinear patterns with more high-contrasted elements in the upper part. NeuroImage, 31(1), 313–319.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.12.011.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Diamond, R., & Carey, S. (1986). Why faces are and are not special: An effect of expertise. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 115(2), 107–117.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.115.2.107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. DiCarlo, J. J., Zoccolan, D., & Rust, N. C. (2012). How does the brain solve visual object recognition? Neuron, 73(3), 415–434.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2012.01.010.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Gauthier, I., McGugin, R. W., Richler, J. J., Herzmann, G., Speegle, M., & Gulick, A. E. (2014). Experience moderates overlap between object and face recognition, suggesting a common ability. Journal of Vision, 14(8), 1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1167/14.8.7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gibson, J. J. (1966). The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin.Google Scholar
  9. Gibson, J. J. (1979). The ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  10. Gintis, H. (2000). Strong reciprocity and human sociality. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 206(2), 169–179.  https://doi.org/10.1006/jtbi.2000.2111.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Goodale, M. A., Milner, A. D., Jakobson, L. S., & Carey, D. P. (1991). A neurological dissociation between perceiving objects and grasping them. Nature, 349(6305), 154–156.  https://doi.org/10.1038/349154a0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Green, M. J., & Phillips, M. L. (2004). Social threat perception and the evolution of paranoia. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 28(3), 333–342.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2004.03.006.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Haxby, J. V., Hoffman, E. A., & Gobbini, M. I. (2000). The distributed human neural system for face perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 4(6), 223–233.  https://doi.org/10.1016/s1364-6613(00)01482-0.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Hills, P. J., & Lewis, M. B. (2018). The development of face expertise: Evidence for a qualitative change in processing. Cognitive Development, 48, 1–18.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2018.05.003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jüttner, M., Müller, A., & Rentschler, I. (2006). A developmental dissociation of view-dependent and view-invariant object recognition in adolescence. Behavioural Brain Research, 175(2), 420–424.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbr.2006.09.005.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Jüttner, M., Wakui, E., Petters, D., Kaur, S., & Davidoff, J. (2013). Developmental trajectories of part-based and configural object recognition in adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 49(1), 161–176.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0027707.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Kravitz, D. J., Saleem, K. S., Baker, C. I., Ungerleider, L. G., & Mishkin, M. (2013). The ventral visual pathway: An expanded neural framework for the processing of object quality. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 17(1), 26–49.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2012.10.011.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Macchi, C., Turati, C., & Simion, F. (2004). Can a nonspecific bias toward top-heavy patterns explain newborns’ face preference? Psychological Science, 15(6), 379–383.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00688.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. McArthur, L. Z., & Baron, R. M. (1983). Toward an ecological theory of social perception. Psychological Review, 90(3), 215–238.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.90.3.215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. McGugin, R. W., Ryan, K. F., Tamber-Rosenau, B. J., & Gauthier, I. (2018). The role of experience in the face-selective response in right FFA. Cerebral Cortex, 28(6), 2071–2084.  https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhx113.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Morton, J., & Johnson, M. H. (1991). CONSPEC and CONLERN: A two-process theory of infant face recognition. Psychological Review, 98(2), 164–181.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.98.2.164.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Motta-Mena, N. V., & Puts, D. A. (2017). Endocrinology of human female sexuality, mating, and reproductive behavior. Hormones and Behavior, 91, 19–35.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yhbeh.2016.11.012.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Nelson, C. A. (2001). The development and neural bases of face recognition. Infant & Child Development, 10(1–2), 3–18.  https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Parr, L. A. (2011). The evolution of face processing in primates. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 366(1571), 1764–1777.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0358.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  25. Richler, J. J., & Gauthier, I. (2014). A meta-analysis and review of holistic face processing. Psychological Bulletin, 140(5), 1281–1302.  https://doi.org/10.1037/a0037004.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  26. Scherf, K. S., Behrmann, M., Humphreys, K., & Luna, B. (2007). Visual category-selectivity for faces, places and objects emerges along different developmental trajectories. Developmental Science, 10(4), F15–F30.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-7687.2007.00595.x.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Shakeshaft, N. G., & Plomin, R. (2015). Genetic specificity of face recognition. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(41), 12887–12892.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1421881112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Soto, F. A., & Wasserman, E. A. (2014). Mechanisms of object recognition: What we have learned from pigeons. Frontiers in Neural Circuits, 8, 1–22.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fncir.2014.00122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tanaka, J. W., & Simonyi, D. (2015). The “parts and wholes” of face recognition: A review of the literature. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 69(10), 1876–1889.  https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2016.1146780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tibbetts, E. A., Uyl, J. D., Dwortz, M., & McLean, C. (2019). The development and evolution of specialized face learning in paper wasps. Animal Behaviour, 147, 1–7.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2018.10.016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tsao, D. Y., & Livingstone, M. S. (2008). Mechanisms of face perception. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 31(1), 411–437.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.30.051606.094238.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Turati, C., Valenza, E., Leo, I., & Simion, F. (2005). Three-month-olds’ visual preference for faces and its underlying visual processing mechanisms. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 90(3), 255–273.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2004.11.001.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Yovel, G., & Freiwald, W. A. (2013). Face recognition systems in monkey and human: Are they the same thing? F1000Prime Reports, 5, 10.  https://doi.org/10.12703/p5-10.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  34. Yin, R.K. (1969) Looking at upside-down faces. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 81, 141–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyPennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA
  2. 2.Human FactorsExponent, IncAustinUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Russell Jackson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of IdahoMoscowUSA