Adaptations for Navigating Social Hierarchies
Adaptations for navigating social hierarchies are the evolved behavioral traits, cognitive and social skills, and emotions (reflected in human brain structure) that facilitate social hierarchies. They are manifested in hierarchical social categorization, dominance, prestige, or leadership motive systems for attaining and maintaining high social rank and verbal and nonverbal symbols signaling status.
A hierarchical organization of social relations is ubiquitous in the animal kingdom (including among humans). This is a starting point for considering the issue of adaptations for navigating social hierarchies in human society. Based on that, the representatives of the humanities and social science analyze the common evolutionary mechanisms of the origin of such adaptations, namely, evolved behavioral and mental traits (strong associates with...
This text is a result of work as part of the research project funded by Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the government of Ulyanovsk region of the Russian Federation, grant № 18-411-730014 (р_а).
- Cheng, J. T., & Tracy, J. L. (2014). Toward a unified science of hierarchy: Dominance and prestige are two fundamental pathways to human social rank. In J. T. Cheng, J. L. Tracy, & C. Anderson (Eds.), The psychology of social status (pp. 3–27). New York: Springer Science + Business Media.Google Scholar
- Maner, J. K., & Case, C. R. (2016). Dominance and prestige: dual strategies for navigating social hierarchies. In J. L. Olson & M. P. Zanna (Eds.), Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 54, pp. 129–180). London: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Steckler, C. M., & Tracy, J. L. (2014). The emotional underpinnings of social status. In J. T. Cheng et al. (Eds.), The psychology of social status. New York: Springer Science+Business Media.Google Scholar
- Van Vugt, M., Johnson, D. D., Kaiser, R., & O’Gorman, R. (2008). Evolution and the social psychology of leadership: The mismatch hypothesis. In C. L. Hoyt, G. R. Goethals, & D. R. Forsyth (Eds.), Leadership at the crossroads (Leadership and psychology, Vol. 1, pp. 262–282). Westport: Praeger.Google Scholar
- Witkower, Z., Tracy, J. L., Cheng, J. T., & Henrich, J. (2019). Two signals of social rank: Prestige and dominance are associated with distinct nonverbal displays. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000181.