Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Physiological Mechanisms

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1755-1



The mechanism that carries out a physiological process is known as physiological mechanism.


The healthy state of the body depends upon the integrity of various organ systems. The organ systems in the body function in a particular manner constantly. The mechanisms, by which the organ systems of the body function, are often referred to as “physiological mechanisms.” For example, “behavior” of an animal including human beings is one of the functional outcomes of the brain. In other words it can be said that certain neurophysiological mechanisms are responsible for particular behaviors of animals (Barnard 1983).

Physiological mechanisms explain any health-related events or outcomes. Physiological mechanisms can be altered voluntarily. For example, exercise causes alteration in the cardiac physiology of resting state. A particular posture (e.g., cross-legged posture) may alter the physiological mechanism...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryKing George’s Medical UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryPostgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Brian B Boutwell
    • 1
  1. 1.Saint Louis UniversitySaint LouisUSA