Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

William Hamilton

  • Jussi LehtonenEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1356-1

Definition

One of the most influential evolutionary theorists of the twentieth century. Hamilton made fundamental contributions to social evolution theory, the theory of sex allocation, the evolution of senescence, and many other topics.

Introduction

Few evolutionary biologists have achieved the kind of legendary status that William Donald Hamilton holds. His reputation is of course mostly due to his enormously influential body of work and is only further bolstered by his unusual and quirky character which inspired countless stories. Hamilton may not have published a particularly large number of papers by today’s bloated standards, but his influence on modern evolutionary theory is almost unrivalled. His major contributions include kin selection theory, sex allocation theory, the modern mathematical approach to studying the evolution of senescence, the evolution of dispersal strategies, and the evolution of sex. Indirectly, or by extending work of other researchers, Hamilton...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Notes

Acknowledgments

My research is funded by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Research Award (project number DE180100526, “Unifying cornerstones of social evolution: Theory and Application”) from the Australian Government.

References

  1. Caswell, H. (2019). Sensitivity analysis: Matrix methods in demography and ecology. Cham: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Charlesworth, B. (1994). Evolution in age-structured populations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dawkins, R. (1976). The selfish gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Düsing, C. (1884). Die Regulierung des Geschlechtsverhältnisses bei der Vermehrung der Menschen, Tiere und Pflanzen. Jena: Jean Fischer.Google Scholar
  5. Fisher, R. A. (1930). The genetical theory of natural selection. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Frank, S. A. (2013). Natural selection. VII. History and interpretation of kin selection theory. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 26(6), 1151–1184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Grafen, A. (2004). William Donald Hamilton. 1 August 1936 – 7 March 2000. Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, 50, 109–132.  https://doi.org/10.1098/rsbm.2004.0009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hamilton, W. D. (1963). The evolution of altruistic behavior. The American Naturalist, 97(896), 354–356.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2458473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hamilton, W. D. (1964a). Genetical evolution of social behaviour. I. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7(1), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hamilton, W. D. (1964b). Genetical evolution of social behaviour. II. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7(1), 17–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hamilton, W. D. (1966). The moulding of senescence by natural selection. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 12(1), 12–45.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5193(66)90184-6.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Hamilton, W. D. (1967). Extraordinary sex ratios. Science, 156(3774), 477–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hamilton, W. D. (1971). Geometry for the selfish herd. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 31(2), 295–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hamilton, W. D. (1975a). Innate social aptitudes of man: An approach from evolutionary genetics. In R. Fox (Ed.), Biosocial anthropology (pp. 133–155). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  15. Hamilton, W. D. (1975b). Gamblers since life began: Barnacles, aphids, elms. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 50(2), 175–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Hamilton, W. D. (1980). Sex versus non-sex versus parasite. Oikos, 35(2), 282–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hamilton, W. D. (1996). Narrow roads of gene land – The collected papers of W.D. Hamilton volume 1 – Evolution of social behaviour. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Hamilton, W. D. (2001). Narrow roads of gene land – The collected papers of W.D. Hamilton volume 2 – Evolution of sex. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Hamilton, W. D. (2005). Narrow roads of gene land – The collected papers of W.D. Hamilton volume 3 – Last words. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Hamilton, W. D., & May, R. M. (1977). Dispersal in stable habitats. Nature, 269(5629), 578–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hamilton, W. D., & Zuk, M. (1982). Heritable true fitness and bright birds: A role for parasites? Science, 218(4570), 384–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lehtonen, J. (2020). The Price equation and the unity of social evolution theory. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. (in press).  https://doi.org/10.32942/osf.io/9rx4h.
  23. Lehtonen, J., & Jaatinen, K. (2016). Safety in numbers: The dilution effect and other drivers of group life in the face of danger. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 70(4), 449–458.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-016-2075-5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Maynard Smith, J. (1982). Evolution and the theory of games. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maynard Smith, J., & Price, G. R. (1973). Logic of animal conflict. Nature, 246(5427), 15–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nowak, M. A., Tarnita, C. E., & Wilson, E. O. (2010). The evolution of eusociality. Nature, 466(7310), 1057–1062.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Queller, D. C. (1992). A general model for kin selection. Evolution, 46(2), 376–380.  https://doi.org/10.2307/2409858.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Segerstråle, U. (2013). Nature’s oracle: The life and work of W. D. Hamilton. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Taylor, P. D., & Frank, S. A. (1996). How to make a kin selection model. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 180(1), 27–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. West, S. (2009). Sex allocation. Princeton: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Farid Pazhoohi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada