It is well known that Charles Darwin published his theory of evolution in his 1859 book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. One of the fundamental problems with Darwinism was the absence of an explanatory mechanism of inheritance that could account for morphological change. In 1868, Darwin would explain the mechanism in his book The Variation of Plants and Animals under Domestication. He called it theory of pangenesis. Around the same time, the monk Gregor Mendel was working on a similar line of research. He was studying the inheritance of characters by experimenting on pea hybrids. Mendel, who published his results in 1866, asserted that resolving the inheritance problem was fundamental to understand the evolutionary history of organic forms. Mendel’s research revolutionized the concept of inheritance, but it was disregarded by his contemporaries. However, by 1900, the laws of Mendelian...
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