Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Multiple Memory Systems

  • Marios ConstantinouEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1094-1

Synonyms

Definition

“Multiple Memory Systems” is a theory that is based on scientific and evolutionary evidence, which lead us to conceptualize memory, not as unitary system, but multiple systems that work independently, in synchrony, and/or in competition with each other.

Introduction

There are several memory systems, which have been identified (Poldrack and Packard 2003). Depending on the memory function(s) that are needed for the organism to encode, learn, maintain, or recall information, these systems are thought to be able to work independently, in unison/cooperation, or even compete with each other (Sherry and Schacter 1987).

They work independently when, for example, you are driving with memorized directions, given to you for a place in the city, while at the same time you are not forgetting the specific time that you have to attend an important meeting and you...

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References

  1. Hsiao, S., & Chai, S.-E. (2003). Multiple memory Systems in the Brain. Acta Neurological Taiwan, 12, 169–176.Google Scholar
  2. Murray, E. A., Wise, S. P., & Graham, K. S. (2017). In the evolution of memory systems: Ancestors, anatomy, and adaptations. In The history of memory systems (pp. 3–38). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Poldrack, R. A., & Packard, M. G. (2003). Competition among multiple memory systems: Converging evidence from animal and human brain studies. Neuropsychologia, 41, 245–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Rabinowitz, A. R., & Levin, H. S. (2014). Cognitive sequelae of traumatic brain injury. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 37, 1–11.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2013.11.004.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Sherry, D. F., & Schacter, D. L. (1987). The evolution of multiple memory systems. Psychological Review, 94, 439–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus