Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Living Edition
| Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Attachment Injury Resolution Model in Emotionally Focused Therapy

  • Lorrie Brubacher
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_903-1

Synonyms

Introduction

Emotionally focused couple therapy (EFT) is an empirically validated therapy (Wiebe and Johnson 2016) for increasing relationship satisfaction and creating secure bonds in distressed couple relationships. As an attachment-based, systemic, humanistic-experiential therapy, it places emotion in the forefront as the target and agent of change, making it particularly relevant for repairing interpersonal injuries. Johnson et al. (2001) first presented the construct of “attachment injury” to describe a particular type of interpersonal injury and delineated a model for resolving such injuries.

Johnson developed a model of forgiveness and resolution to address relationship traumas such as infidelity and other moments of betrayal or abandonment, defining an attachment injury(AI) as a specific relational incident where one partner violates the expectation that she/he will offer comfort and caring at a particular moment of urgent need. Attachment injuries emerge in...

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References

  1. Greenman, P. S., & Johnson, S. M. (2013). Process research on emotionally focused therapy (EFT) for couples: Linking theory to practice. Family Process, 52, 46–61.  https://doi.org/10.1111/famp.12015 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Halchuk, R. E., Makinen, J. A., & Johnson, S. M. (2010). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: A three-year follow-up. Journal of Couple & Relationship Therapy: Innovations in Clinical and Educational Interventions, 9, 31–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Johnson, S. M., Makinen, J. A., & Millikin, J. W. (2001). Attachment injuries in couple relationships: A new perspective in impasses in couples therapy. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 27, 145–155.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Makinen, J. A., & Johnson, S. (2006). Resolving attachment injuries in couples using emotionally focused therapy: Steps toward forgiveness and reconciliation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 1055–1064.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Naaman, S., Pappas, J. D., Makinen, J. A., Zuccarini, D., & Johnson, S. (2005). Treating attachment injured couples with emotionally focused therapy: A case study. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and Biological Processes, 68, 55–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Simpson, J., & Rholes, W. (1994). Stress and secure base relationships in adulthood. In K. Bartholomew & D. Perlman (Eds.), Attachment processes in adulthood (pp. 181–204). London: Jessica Kingsley.Google Scholar
  7. Vangelisti, A. (2007). Communicating hurt. In B. H. Spitzberg & W. R. Cupach (Eds.), The dark side of interpersonal communication (2nd ed., pp. 121–142). Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
  8. Wiebe, S. A., & Johnson, S. M. (2016). A review of the research in emotionally focused therapy for couples. Family Process, 55, 390–407.  https://doi.org/10.1111/famp.12229 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Zuccarini, D., Johnson, S. M., Dalgleish, T. L., & Makinen, J. A. (2013). Forgiveness and reconciliation in emotionally focused therapy for couples: The client change process and therapist interventions. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 39(2), 148–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of North CarolinaGreensboroUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kelley Quirk
    • 1
  • Adam Fisher
    • 2
  1. 1.Colorado State University, Marriage and Family Therapy Program, Human Development and Family StudiesFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.The Family Institute at Northwestern UniversityEvanstonUSA