Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Living Edition
| Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

FACES IV

  • David H. Olson
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_394-1

Name and Type of Measure

The FACES IV is a family self-report measure with 6 scales and 42 items.

Synonyms

Introduction

FACES IV is the latest version of a family self-report measure designed to assess family cohesion and family flexibility, which are the two central dimensions of the Circumplex Model* of Marital and Family Systems (Olson 2011). Previous self-report assessments include three versions of the self-report measure called FACES I, II, and III (Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales*) and the observational assessment called the Clinical Rating Scale (CRS) (Olson 2000, Thomas and Olson 1993, Thomas and Lewis 1999). FACES IV is based on major studies by Dean Gorall (2002) and Judy Tiesel (1994) which were designed to improve the adequacy of the assessment and measure the full dimensions of cohesion and flexibility.

More than 1200 published articles and dissertations have used a version of...

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References

  1. Barber, B. K., & Buehler, C. (1996). Family cohesion and enmeshment: Different constructs, different effects. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 58, 433–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Craddock, A. E. (2001). Relationships between family structure and family functioning: A test of Tiesel and Olson’s revision of the circumplex model. Journal of Family Studies, 7, 29–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Doherty, W. J., & Hovander, D. (1990). Why don’t family measures of cohesion and control behave the way they‘re supposed to? The American Journal of Family Therapy, 18, 5–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Franklin, C., Streeter, C. L., & Springer, D. W. (2001). Validity of the FACES IV family assessment measure. Research on Social Work Practice, 5, 576–596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Gorall, D. M. (2002). FACES IV and the circumplex model of marital and family systems (Doctoral dissertation, University of Michigan). Dissertation Abstracts, 63.Google Scholar
  6. Kouneski, E. (2002). Circumplex model and FACES: Review of literature. Available online at: www.faces.IV.com
  7. Olson, D. H. (2000). Circumplex model of family system. Journal of Family Therapy, 22(2), 144–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Olson, D. H. (2008). FACES IV manual. Roseville: PREPARE-ENRICH, LLC.Google Scholar
  9. Olson, D. H. (2011). FACES IV and the circumplex model: Validity study. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 3(1), 64–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Olson, D. H., Sprenkle, D. H., & Russell, C. (1979). Circumplex model of marital and family systems: I. Cohesion and adaptability dimensions, family types, and clinical applications. Family Process, 18, 3–28.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Perosa, L., & Perosa, S. (1990). The use of a bipolar item format for FACES IV: A reconsideration. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 16, 187–189.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  13. Thomas, V., & Lewis, R. A. (1999). Observational couple assessment. A cross-model comparison. Journal of Family Therapy, 21, 78–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Thomas, V., & Olson, D. H. (1993). Problem families and the circumplex model: Observational assessment using the clinical rating scale (CRS). Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 19, 159–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tiesel, J. W. (1994). Capturing family dynamics: The reliability and validity of FACES IV (Doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, 1994). Dissertation Abstracts International, 55 , 3006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David H. Olson
    • 1
  1. 1.Family Social ScienceUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Pederson
    • 1
  • Diana Semmelhack
    • 2
  1. 1.Council for RelationshipsPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Midwestern UniversityDowners GroveUSA