Encyclopedia of Bioastronautics

Living Edition
| Editors: Laurence R. Young, Jeffrey P. Sutton

Space Radiation Effects on the Cardiovascular System

  • Marjan BoermaEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-10152-1_83-1


While the Earth’s magnetic fields protect astronauts against some of the radiation in space when in the International Space Station, future long-distance space travel beyond low-Earth orbit will lead to exposures to ionizing radiation at higher doses and over longer periods of time. Ground-based epidemiological studies have indicated that the cardiovascular system is relatively sensitive to ionizing radiation, and this has raised the concern of a cardiovascular disease risk from exposure to radiation in space. However, we should keep in mind that biological effects of space radiation can be different from the effects of common forms of ionizing radiation on Earth, and therefore, health risks of space radiation need to be carefully assessed. Ground-based studies with animal and cell culture models play an important role in estimating these risks. We here provide an overview of these experimental studies that have started to address the cardiovascular effects of space...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (Univ of Arkansas for Med Sci)Little RockUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Kathryn D. Held
    • 1
  1. 1.Radiation OncologyMassachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA